Tooth decay occurs when bacteria, acid, food particles, and saliva are mixed forming an adhesive plaque on the teeth. If this plaque is not removed, it can lead to problems such as tooth loss, tartar, gingivitis and possibly periodontitis. Let’s look at the causes of tooth decay and the symptoms.
Causes and symptoms of tooth decay at gumline
Tooth decay at gumline is a prevalent disease and can occur at any age, but it is more common in children and adolescents. This happens when normal bacteria in the mouth with acids, food residues and saliva are combined, resulting in the formation of plaque, a sticky substance that sticks to the teeth.
The acids contained in the disc cause eternal destruction of the tooth enamel (the outer layer of the tooth) and the dentin (the enamel layer beneath) and thus the formation of a cavity. The tooth may further decompose until it comes in contact with the paper pulp (the dentin layer below, which contains the nerves and blood vessels), which can lead to pain, destruction, and loss of teeth.
If the plaque is not removed, it can become tartar and irritation and inflammation of the gums cause (inflammation of the gums) and possibly periodontal disease, inflammation, and infection of the ligaments and teeth that support the bones.
Foods with carbohydrates like sugar and starch increase the risk of tooth decay.
Symptoms can be a dark spot or a visible hole on the surface of the tooth that can be painful or sensitive to heat or cold.
Diagnosis and treatment of Tooth decay.
Treatment begins with preventative measures, including proper oral hygiene such as regular brushing, flossing, and regular dental visits. A dentist or doctor may prescribe a fluoride tablet during the development of a child’s teeth. Daily consumption of refined carbohydrates or sugars should be minimized as they contribute to tooth decay.
The root canal is used when the nerve of a tooth dies. In this case, the pulp and dental caries are removed and filled with a sealing material.